Why Did Russia Lose Russo-Japanese War?

Russia lost the Russo Japanese War due to numerous reasons. Historically, Russia lost two of its three fleets during the course of war, and it was one of the most important factors which led to the Russian defeat.

Russo japanese war

At the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, the match was definitely unequal for Russia. The Imperial Japanese Army had more than 600,000 men-at-arms, and it immediately threw into the battle more than 150,000 troops. Meanwhile, Russia had only 80,000 regular troops altogether with 23,000 garrison troops and 30,000 railway guards in the Far East. Furthermore, there was only a railroad covered the 5,000 miles from Moscow to Vladivostok in 15-day trip, but it was not unusual for such a trip to take more than 40 days.

Russo japanese war

Despite the difference in troop strength was large, Imperial Russian Army still managed to supply their troops in the Far East with only a single railway.

By the end of the war, there were a total 300,000 Russian troops in Manchuria. Unlike what most people thought, Russian infantry fought incredibly well and inflicted heavy losses to the Japanese forces.

Militarily, it was the Battle of Liaoyang (25 August – 3 September 1904) or the first major land battle of the war, in which both sides fought to a stalemate.

Officially, the Russian losses were 19,112 men in comparison with the loss of 22,922 men on the Japanese side. .

Later on, the Imperial Russian Army and the Imperial Japanese Army fought another bloody but indecisive battle on the hills of Manchuria It was the Battle of Shaho (5–17 October 1904) or the second large-scale land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, which caused 41,351 Russian casualties and 21,125 Japanese casualties of all kinds.

Militarily, it was the Battle of Liaoyang (25 August – 3 September 1904) or the first major land battle of the war, in which both sides fought to a stalemate. Officially, the Russian losses were 19,112 men in comparison with the loss of 22,922 men on the Japanese side. Later on, the Imperial Russian Army and the Imperial Japanese Army fought another bloody but indecisive battle on the hills of Manchuria. It was the Battle of Shaho (5–17 October 1904) or the second large-scale land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, which caused 41,351 Russian casualties and 21,125 Japanese casualties of all kinds.

The Battle of Liaoyang by Fritz Neumann.
The Battle of Liaoyang by Fritz Neumann.

Meanwhile, the defense of the 50,000-strong garrison of the Russian Army in Port Arthur undoubtedly caused numerous casualties to the Japanese forces. By January 1905, when the Russian finally surrendered, the Siege of Port Arthur had cost the Japanese 57,780 men and Russia 28,200

Then, it came the Battle of Mukden (20 February – 10 March 1905) or the bloodiest battle of the war. The Japanese won the battle, but unfortunately it was not a decisive battle. Although the Russians suffered 8,705 men killed and finally retreated northwards, the bulk of the Russian Army had not been annihilated. Japanese losses were also very heavy, with 15,892 men killed on the battlefield. Overall, the Russian lost 88,352 men and the Japanese 77,504.

Russo-Japanese War

Historically, the Battle of Mukden was the last effort by the Japanese Army to achieve a decisive victory on the land. However, it was turned out to be a Pyrrhic victory. The Imperial Japanese Army was totally exhausted after the battle, and a political solution to end the war was considered among the Japanese leaders.

Unfortunately, on the contrary with the land battles, Russia totally lost the war at sea, with the destruction of both the Pacific Fleet during the Battle of the Yellow Sea (10 August 1904) and later on the Baltic Fleet during the Battle of Tsushima (27–28 May 1905). Historically, the lost of two of Russian’s three fleets caused an enormous shock to the Tsar Nicholas II, which subsequently led to the signing of Treaty of Portsmouth on 5 September 1905, ending the humiliating war for Russia.

Source: Why did Russia lose the Russo-Japanese War?

For similar contents, please check History

Summary
Why Did Russia Lose Russo-Japanese War?
Article Name
Why Did Russia Lose Russo-Japanese War?
Description
Russia lost the Russo Japanese War due to numerous reasons. Historically, Russia lost two of its three fleets during the course of war, and it was one of the most important factors which led to the Russian defeat.
Author