Do all EVS use the same charger?

Many wonder whether all EVs charger use the same type or not. Though all EVs use the same standard plugs for Level 1 and Level 2 charging, standards for the DC charging may vary among manufacturers and regions.

Here are the options:

Wall Sockets

Every EV that I know of can be charged by plugging it into a standard wall outlet – 110v or 220/240v – and as far as I know, they all come with a cable to allow you to do that. The charge rate is going to be slow – maybe 4 to 6 few miles of range per hour on charge – but that’s actually enough for 99% of drivers who can charge overnight and who only drive maybe 60 miles a day.

Most EV’s seem to also have the option to charge from a standard 220v outlet such as you find in campground or RV park – or from a washer/dryer outlet at home. Unfortunately, there are half a dozen wierdly different pin configurations for these outlets – and you might need a different adapter for each kind! Tesla sell a pack of half a dozen different adapters – or you can just buy the one you need at home.

Tesla EVs Charger

Tesla’s high power “SuperChargers” can ONLY charge Tesla cars – in part because of the connector they use, in part because of the voltage/current they supply and mostly because the charger and the car communicate with each other and back to Tesla HQ to control the rate of charge and to have the cost of the electricity be charged to your Tesla account (and therefore paid by your credit card).

Although Tesla have repeatedly offered to allow other car companies to charge at their SuperChargers – so far only the tiny startup company “Aptera Motors” seem to have agreed to the conditions to do so.

Aside from Tesla’s SuperChargers – there are also the MUCH slower “Destination Chargers” which are essentially just 220v outlets – and there are adapters that other car types can use to charge from a Destination Charger. That adapter won’t come as a standard part – but you can buy them online easily enough.

Then we get into the rabbit-warren of 3rd party chargers. These split basically into AC and DC chargers.

CHAdeMO

The “CHAdeMO” chargers are DC only – and can’t charge an AC car without a large and expensive converter. Tesla used to sell one of those – but it was really expensive ($500)…and these days, it always seems to be “Out of Stock” on their online store. CHAdeMO is popular in Japan – and many cars offer a CHAdeMO port *only* in models shipped there.

J1772

J1772 evs charger is A/C and can charge most cars (Chevrolet Volt, Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Mitsubishi PHEV, Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid, Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid, Smart electric drive, Ford Focus EV, Ford Fusion Energi, Ford Mustang Mach-E, Honda Clarity (Electric and Plug-in Hybrid), Kia Soul EV, Fiat 500e, and Mercedes-Benz GLC 350e PHEV)…and Tesla’s (with an adapter that comes with the car).

CCS EVs charger

The CCS standard combines a J1772 charger with a DC charging system – and that supports Audi, BMW, Daimler, Ford, General Motors, Hyundai, Porsche, Volvo, and Volkswagen.

In Europe, newer Tesla’s come with a CCS port.

Many charging stations support both CCS/J1772 and CHAdeMO by having two different cables to choose from.

Odd-Ball Exceptions

This is a new scheme for car charging that’s appearing in a few cities around the world where they install car chargers at existing street light poles:

Some of these schemes seem to require an interface box of some kind (the green thing in the image above) which is used to allow you to pay for your electricity on your home electricity bill. It looks like it produces regular “Wall Socket” electricity though…so I’d expect any brand of car to be able to charge there.

Here is another example of what appears to be the same thing: