What are the Differences Between Road Bikes?

With its 700c diameter thin tires, drop bar handlebars and lightweight components, you can travel long distances quickly with a road bike. There are several types of road bikes. Although all of them are one in the eyes of those who are unfamiliar, there is actually a huge difference between them.

Road Bike 101

Baseline Geometry

It is the most important factor that determines what position you will ride on the bike. It is one of the most confusing issues, when buying a bicycle. You should find most suitable design and size for your body. Here is very beneficial website to do so.

Drop Bar

The type of handlebar represents characteristic of a road bike. Drop bar offers three different riding positions; namely drop, hood, flat. When you hold the drops, you are completely covered on the bike. When you hold the hoods, you bend less and provide a controlled ride. If you keep position on the flat bar part, you will be completely resting position.

Drop Bar Position

Tire Width

The tire diameter we stated at the beginning of the article as 700c corresponds to approximately 700 mm. Although they are very close to 28 “tire, there is a 10 mm difference between them. This should be considered when buying inner tubes. Road bikes generally start at 23 mm and go up to 40 mm. On road bikes, flat and thin tires are preferred for lower friction resistance and fluidity expect for gravel bikes.

Crank Set and Ruble

The gears on the pedal part of the bike are called crank set. The ruble is the gears on the back of the bicycle. In these gears, uses such as 52, 11, etc. are used to express the number of teeth on the gear. Here, gear numbers here are very important. The larger the front gears, the more power you have to apply. On the contrary, the smaller the ruble gear, the more power you need to apply.

Road Bikes Types

There are 3 main categories of road bikes: endurance, lightweight and aero. There also sub categories in each main category but we will skip these right now.


Endurance type of road bike provides a more upright riding position so you can stay on the bike for a long time, and aims to reduce the vibration from the road, usually equipped with 28 mm tires. “Long timeott ” means ride duration exceeding 5-6 hours. Of course, even in 3 hours of riding, the comfort of an endurance-style bike is very clear compared to an aero type bike. The difference would be much more obvious, if aero bike rider continued to ride 5-6 hours. Here is some examples:

Scott Addict 10


These are the favorites of the last few years. In essence, it has an endurance frame geometry, which means it offers a more upright and comfortable riding position. Gravel types come with 32mm and above tires. In addition, the handlebars are angled so that more comfortable and controlled driving can be achieved. They are pleasant and comfortable tools. Carraro gravel g series, corelli goat series, mosso gvl series can be given as examples.


Lightweight (climb)

The climber knows, weight is everything. These bikes stand out with their slim frames. Some models decrease to 3-4kg, which are suittable for professional use. They are known for their 50-34 crank set ratios and you really need one of them on the slope. Examples include the trek émonda series, the merida scultura and the specialized tarmac series.

merida scultura 6000


The name of this types comes from the word aerodynamics. Areo bikes are produced more elliptical shape to decrease minimize air friction. The frame geometry is purely to lay the rider on the bike. Of course, the handicap of all these elliptical profiles and aerodynamics is weight and cost. The Trek Madone series, the Merida Reacto and the Carraro race series are some examples.

merida reacto

Aero/Time Trial

Think about a bicycle that worth 20,000$. These types can be described as the big boss class of aero bikes. Aerodynamics is the only goal. Time trials bikes specialize in splitting the air.

time trial bike

To find out similar topics, please check sports